The important relationship between spirituality and architecture is affirmed by a recent article by Dr. Jiba Raj Pokharel writes in The Himalayan Times:
Nepali architecture has suffered a lot in the past by engaging in this kind of a futile imitation. Our ancestors built palaces in neoclassical architecture by abandoning our own traditional palace architecture which can still be glaringly seen in the three Durbar Squares of Nepal.
Had we continued with indigenous architecture, we would have more than forty Durbar squares instead of three main Durbar squares we have at present. One can imagine what would be
the architectural ambience like with forty Durbar squares when three of them have created something of a marvel in the architectural arena.
It is not only in the case of architecture but we have similarly stumbled in city planning. We had our own city designing heritage whereby different castes would have different city templates allocated to them. For example, Maneswore, the capital of the Licchavis, was designed in Swastik style. We continued this practice till the middle of the twentieth century by designing Rajbiraj in the Prastara style. But we again fumbled in the following years. We deviated from the classical designing in the planning of the following cities. As a result, the modern Nepali cities lack image and identity as they are devoid of notable landmarks, nodes, districts, edges and pathways like the old cities.
This is however not the problem of Nepal alone. The other Asian countries also have fallen victim to this architectural and planning malady.
So the Asian architects have gathered in Nepal to deliberate focusing on the twin themes of spirituality and city image building. Often such conferences end in hobnobbing followed by lunches and dinners but it is expected that something fruitful will emerge out of this architectural bonhomie and brotherhood to guide the whole of Asia towards the creation of a better vision for built environment in future — a vision which enables to move forward duly looking back like the mythic bird of Ghana, the Sankofa.
Read the whole article.
At the leading edge of Asian architecture: a rejection of the modernist style in favor of a marriage of indigenous spirituality and city image. If the gathering is indicative of a larger movement, it suggests a more vibrant and holistic and culturally distinctive future in Nepal and other Asian countries.